Science Curriculum

  • Science Curriculum
     
    Science
     

    7th Grade – Integrated Science:

     
    This class will expose students to a variety of topics in science and adheres to the Massachusetts State Science Frameworks. Students will learn laboratory skills, use technology, practice inquiry-based lab activities and participate in a variety of other classroom instruction activities. The following subjects will be covered this year: Astronomy, Structures, and History of the Earth, Environmental Science, Motion and Measurement Skills, Cell Biology, Biological Systems, and Properties of Matter. This material, along with 8th grade science, will be tested on at the completion of 8th grade on the Science MCAS. 
     
    8th Grade – Integrated Science
     
    This class will expose students to a variety of topics in science and adheres to the Massachusetts State Science Frameworks. Students will learn laboratory skills, use technology, practice inquiry-based lab activities and participate in a variety of other classroom instruction activities. The following subjects will be covered this year: Chemistry, Cell Biology, Heredity and Reproduction, Evolution, Classification, Human Body Systems, Motion, and Energy. This material, along with 7th grade science, will be tested on at the completion of 8th grade on the Science MCAS.
     
    Environmental Science (H, CP) 1 unit 
     
    This course is a study of the interactions between the three major components of the environment, the atmosphere, hydrosphere, and the biosphere. Local and global environmental issues will be addressed throughout this course. Students will continuously review and apply the scientific methodology in laboratory and field activities. The skills developed in this course will prepare students for more advanced science courses. 
     
    Biology (H, CP) 1 unit 
     
    Honors Prerequisite?: Proficient score on eighth grade placement exam and teacher recommendation. CP Prerequisite?: Successful completion of eighth grade science. Biology is the study of living organisms. This course will survey the topics of ecology, biochemistry, cell structure and function, genetics, evolution and selected topics in anatomy and physiology. Participation in lab activities and the development of lab skills is an integral part of this course. Biology provides the student with an awareness of the biological principles and the technical knowledge necessary for more specific science courses. All students will be required to participate in inquiry-based, lab investigations and additional literature research. Students will work cooperatively in the lab and develop skills to complete a formal lab report and organized notebook. This course will emphasize the knowledge and skills necessary to achieve success on the MCAS biology exam. 
     
    Chemistry (CP) 1 unit 
     
    Prerequisite: Successful completion of Biology and Algebra I. A laboratory-oriented course aligned with the Massachusetts State Frameworks. Course topics include: physical and chemical properties, atomic theory, periodicity bonding, stoichiometry, kinetic theory, and acids and bases. Students will work cooperatively in the lab and develop skills to complete a formal lab report and organized notebook. Students completing the course will qualify for college preparatory course in science and other advanced courses with teacher recommendations. This course will emphasize the knowledge and skills necessary to achieve success on the MCAS chemistry exam. Open to students in grades 10, 11 and 12. 
     
    Chemistry (H) 1 unit 
     
    Prerequisite: Successful completion of Biology. It is recommended that Algebra II be taken concurrently. This course is a required course for AP Chemistry because topics covered in Honors Chemistry are not covered in depth in the Advanced Placement course. This course offers an in­depth study of the following topics: physical and chemical properties, atomic theory, periodicity, bonding, stoichiometry, kinetic theory, acids and bases, and equilibrium. Students will work cooperatively in the lab and develop skills to complete a formal lab report and organized notebook. Some independent study will be expected. Students completing this course will qualify for advanced courses in Biology and the Physical Sciences. Open to students in grades 10, 11 and 12. 
     
    Introductory Physics (CP) 1 unit 
     
    Prerequisite: Successful completion of Biology and Algebra I. This course will survey the topics of motion, forces, energy and momentum, gravity, heat, waves, sound, electricity, and magnetism. Emphasis is on conceptual understanding rather than detailed mathematical analysis. Quantitative and investigative skills used in problem-solving will continue to be developed. Students will work cooperatively in the lab and complete comprehensive lab reports. Completion of regular homework assignments is an important component of the course. The course will emphasize the knowledge and skills necessary to achieve success on the MCAS physics exam. Open to students in grades 10, 11 and 12. 
     
    Anatomy and Physiology (H, CP) 1 unit 
     
    Prerequisite: Successful completion of Biology and one additional science course. Completion of Chemistry recommended. This course is intended for students who may have an interest in the health/medical related fields. A significant independent study is required for success in this course. The topics covered range from biochemistry and cellular biology to the detailed structure and function of each human organ system. Emphasis is placed on worksheet drawings, physical models, vocabulary, note taking and some vertebrate dissections. Several health care professionals will address the class about their professions and career opportunities. Students will work cooperatively in the lab and develop skills to complete a formal lab report and organized notebook. Open to students in grades 11 and 12.
     
    Ecology of Cape Cod (H, CP) 1 unit 
     
    Prerequisite: Successful completion of Biology and one additional science course. This course will apply an integrated approach to learning science in and about our local environment. Many environmental issues will be addressed. The specific topics studied range from the formation of our peninsula to the fragile ecosystems that make Cape Cod unique. Students must be willing and able to participate in regular field studies, often conducted during inclement weather. Culminating projects following field studies include creating detailed, accurate, displays and written reports. Texts are technical and written for college-level readers. There may be field trip fees for transportation to field sites. Students will work cooperatively in the lab and develop skills to complete a formal lab report and organized notebook. Open to students in grades 11 and 12.
     
    Marine Science (CP/H) 1 unit
     
    Prerequisite: Successful completion of Biology and one additional science course. Students will use an integrated approach to explore the biological, chemical, physical and geological processes of our planet’s oceans. The class will use a field and laboratory approach and will emphasize inquiry­based learning including dissections. Students will work cooperatively in the lab and develop skills to complete a formal lab report and organized notebook. All Honors level students must complete a yearlong research project as well as meet specific requirements for labs, projects, and assessments. Open to students in grades 11 and 12. 
     
    Physics (CP) 1 unit 
     
    Prerequisite: Successful completion of Biology and a grade of a C or better in Algebra I. This course will survey the topics of motion, forces, energy and momentum, circular motion and gravity, heat, waves, sound, and electricity. Mathematical analysis using Algebra I skills will permit more in­depth problem­solving than is included in Introductory Physics. Quantitative and investigative skills used in problem-solving will continue to be developed. Students will work cooperatively in the lab and complete comprehensive lab reports. Completion of regular homework assignments is a vital component of the course. Open to students in grades 11 and 12. 
     
    Advanced Placement Biology (AP) 1 unit 
     
    Prerequisite: 90 or better in Honors Biology, or 85 or better in Honors Chemistry, or 90 or better in CP Chemistry. This course will follow the College Board approved AP Biology curriculum. This intense program will cover the following Big Ideas: 1 ­ The process of evolution drives the diversity and unity of life, 2­ Biological systems utilize energy and molecular building blocks to grow, to reproduce, and to maintain homeostasis, 3­ Living systems store, retrieve, transmit, and respond to information essential to life processes, and 4­ Biological systems interact, and these interactions possess complex properties. Summer preparation will be required for this course. Students will work cooperatively in the lab and develop skills to complete a formal lab report and organized notebook. It is expected that each AP Biology student will take the AP Biology exam in May. Open to students in grades 10, 11 and 12. 
     
    Advanced Placement Chemistry (AP) 1 unit 
     
    Prerequisite: Successful completion of Chemistry and Algebra II Students enrolling in AP Chemistry have already successfully completed Chemistry and Algebra II. The AP Chemistry course is equivalent to the general chemistry course usually taken during the first year of college. Topics for this laboratory­based course will include structure of matter, states of matter, chemical equilibrium, reactions, chemical kinetics, descriptive chemistry and the basic concepts of thermodynamics. Summer preparation will also be required for this course. After school work (laboratory and review) is expected. Students will work cooperatively in the lab and develop skills to complete a formal lab report and organized notebook. Open to students in grades 11 and 12. 
     
    Advanced Placement Environmental Science (AP) 1 unit Prerequisite: Successful completion of biology, chemistry, and algebra I. Concurrent enrollment in Algebra II will benefit student success. The goal of this course is to provide students with the scientific principles, concepts, and methodologies required to understand the interrelationships of the natural world and human population. Students will evaluate the risks associated with problems, and examine alternative solutions for resolving or preventing some of the most common environmental issues of today. Key topics of the course include ecology, earth systems, demography, land use, energy resources, pollution and global environmental problems. It is expected that each AP Environmental Science student will take the AP Environmental exam. Open to students in grades 11 and 12. 
     
    Advanced Placement Physics 1 (non­calculus based) (AP) 1 unit
     
    Prerequisite: Successful completion of Biology, and a grade of B or better in Algebra I. This course is designed to give students the in­depth level of knowledge required to succeed on the AP Physics 1 test. It emphasizes the development of conceptual understanding and proficiency in advanced problem­solving techniques. Topics include motion, forces, energy and momentum, circular motion and gravity, rotational motion and angular momentum, mechanical waves and sound, and electricity including basic DC circuits. A strong work ethic and proficiency with algebra are essential to success. Students will work cooperatively in the lab and complete comprehensive lab reports. Dedicated effort on and completion of regular homework assignments are vital to success in this course. It is expected that each AP Physics 1 student will take the AP Physics 1 exam. Open to students in grades 11 and 12.
     
    Advanced Placement Physics 2 (non­ calculus based) (AP) 1 unit 
     
    Prerequisite: Successful completion of AP Physics 1 or simultaneous enrollment in AP Physics 1. This course is designed to give students the in­depth level of knowledge required to succeed on the AP Physics 2 test. It emphasizes the development of conceptual understanding and proficiency in advanced problem-­solving techniques. Topics include fluid mechanics, temperature, heat, thermodynamics, electric field and potential, magnetism, electromagnetic waves and optics, and nuclear physics. A strong work ethic and proficiency in algebra are essential to success. Dedicated effort on and completion of regular homework assignments are vital to success in this course. It is expected that each AP Physics 2 student will take the AP Physics 2 exam. Open to students in grades 12. 
     
    *Technology/Engineering (H, CP) 1 unit 
     
    This course will emphasize the engineering design process, which involves practical problem solving, research, development and invention. Through hands­on activities, students will design, draw, build, test and redesign. The course will cover Construction Technologies, Energy and Power Technologies (Fluid, Thermal and Electric), Communications and Manufacturing Technologies. Students will also be introduced to concepts in electronics and robotics. Students will learn about CNC machining though the use of the Shopbot and 3D rapid prototyping through the use of the Stratasys 3D printer. Creo Parametric 2.0 CAD software will be used to create 3D solid models and photo­realistic computer renderings. This course prepares students for the MCAS examination in Technology Engineering. Students will create an electronic portfolio of their work. Open to students in grade 10 through 12. 
     
    *Robotics (H, CP) ½ unit 
     
    Prerequisite: 88 or better in Algebra I, Technology/Engineering or administrative approval. Applying the engineer design process using the LEGO Mindstorms Robotics Invention and Vex Robotics Design Systems, students will be introduced to building and programming robots to navigate around a series of obstacle course challenges. Using a variety of sensors and programming strategies, students will engage in cooperative problem solving. Students will investigate the ever increasing role of robots in our lives and investigate career training opportunities through research. 
     
    *Robotics II (H, CP) (NEW Pilot 2016­17) ½ unit
     
     Prerequisite: 88 or better in Robotics I, Applied Technology I, and Drafting I or administrative approval. Applying the engineering design process to create an original robot that will participate in competitions. Students will apply their knowledge of building and programming from robotics 1 to increase their abilities in robotic development during this course. Prior knowledge from Applied Technology and Drafting will be accessed in order to fully participate and excel in this course. Students will work alongside industry experts in the creation of their robot and learn the qualities and characteristics that make for a suitable candidate in a very competitive job market. *Students are eligible to take the following lab­ based designated Technology and Engineering courses for science credit: Robotics I (1/2 unit) Robotics II (1/2 unit) Technology & Engineering (1 unit) 
     
    Forensics (H, CP) ½ unit
     
    Forensic Science is focused upon the application of scientific methods and the techniques to crime and law. Recent advances in scientific methods and principles of biology, chemistry and physics have had an enormous impact upon law enforcement and the entire criminal justice system. This course is intended to provide an introduction to understanding the science behind crime detection. Topics and laboratory investigations included are : crime scene investigations, fingerprinting, document and handwriting analysis, ballistics, serology, hair and fiber examination, botany, organic and inorganic evidence analysis, entomology, the role of the medical examiner, the forensic autopsy, anthropology, germ warfare, DNA analysis, psychology and profiling, toxicology, paint analysis, glass comparisons and fragmentation, arson investigations, tire and foot impressions and casts.